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About ABA

What is Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA)?

Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA), also known as behavioural intervention or behavioural treatment, utilises methods based on scientific principals of behaviour to bring about comprehensive and enduring improvements in a wide range of skills for most people with Autism. Children with Autism have great difficulty learning the way their peers do in traditional environments, but can learn a great deal when given the right kind of instruction.

ABA objectives

The primary objective of ABA is to teach children with Autism developmental and life skills such as speech and language skills; attention skills; social play skills; gross and fine motor skills; academic skills; and self-care. The program also incorporates a behaviour management plan designed ensure inappropriate behaviours are replaced by functional behaviours, therefore increasing the likelihood of effective communication and learning.

Whilst a program will start with the child working one on one with a teaching assistant, as skills are acquired they are generalised into everyday situation and environments. With some children, certain skills can be taught in more 'naturalistic' settings from the beginnings of their ABA program. When the child has acquired sufficient skills to enable them to be integrated into mainstream school, a teaching assistant remains with the child during this integration/socialisation phase, and is gradually phased out as the child learns to cope independently.